Visual Arts

The word "Art" comes from the Latin word "Ars". When we refer to the term art we speak of it as an expression of human activity, which is manifested by a vision of something that is real or imagined.

Artwork is a means to convey an artist's feelings and emotions to the viewer, based on a person's ability to experience the feelings of others through their own individual perception.

The arts are divided and classified into different areas; one of the many existing classifications is the Visual Arts.

In the group classified as the Visual Arts one will find: painting, sculpture, photography, metalwork and glyptic (carving or engraving especially on stone) among many others. Each of these branches of the fine arts has a historic importance.


It is the art of expressing feelings, emotions or ideas with images, real or fictitious representations made by an artist, created on a two-dimensional surface using different substances or certain "pictorial techniques".

There has been data found which shows the existence of prehistory paintings. The art of painting has evolved from prehistory to the present day and there are various techniques for creating a painting.

There are various ways to classify painting techniques: oils, watercolors and temperas, wax or encaustic, acrylic and mixed media.

More information about:

Oil, Watercolor, Tempera, Encaustic / Wax, Acrylic


GrabadoEngraving is a process of duplication, creating, copying, stamping and the printing of images or words. This is achieved by using a plate to imprint the desired words or designs onto another surface of some kind, like paper for example.

The board that is used as a plate has been treated through various techniques to give it the reverse of an image, once it has had ink put on it may be printed on paper through a press.

There are various techniques and methods that have been developed through many centuries to create the images on the plates. A few of the many procedures used to obtain the engravings are: engraving manually executed by a using a chisel or power tool with a similar effect, by chemical means (etching), mechanical engravings (photomechanical, photochemical, electrochemical, electronics).

Another way to classify the engraving is to define it into two categories: hollow and relief, differentiating according to the materials used for the manufacture of the plate which can be copper, zinc, aluminum, steel, glass, stone, wood, linoleum, silk, etc.

Procedures of Engraving

The artist will choose from a variety of methods for the implementation of a manual engraving; the relief method, hollow, visually, monotype or stenciled, each one having a different procedure.

More information about Engraving:

Engraving in Relief, Woodcut Method, Engraving in Linoleum /Linocut,

Engraving on Contra Fiber, Etching, Aquatint Engraving,

Drypoint Engraving, Mezzotint Engraving,

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